The Mongolian People’s Party (known as the Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party /MPRP/ from 1924 until November 5, 2010) was the ruling party in Mongolia from 1921 until 1996, and from 2000 to 2004. Since 2008 to January 2012, it was the majority party in a Grand coalition with the Democratic Party of Mongolia.
The MPP was established on March 1, 1921, and is considered to be the first political party in Mongolia. The Party ruled the country from 1921 to 1990 as a single political party. The word "Revolutionary" was added at a party congress in 1924 at the advice of the Communist International (COMINTERN). During the socialist period MPRP upheld Marxist ideology which stemmed from the country’s special relations with the Soviet Union.
The ‘perestroika’ and ‘glasnost’ taking place in the Soviet Union in mid 1980’s has inspired MPRP to start the process of reforms and restructuring in Mongolia in 1988. By the end of 1989, the young intellectuals within the MPRP started to call for democracy, political pluralism and social justice. Initially, this process was aimed at reforming socialism, but soon enough was swept away by a need for radical structural change of the entire society. This led to emergence of pro-democracy movements, laying the foundation for a multi-party system in the country. In the spring of 1990, the MPRP Central Committee’s Politburo made a historic decision to self-resign, a move now considered as a wise one, which prevented further social unrest and public violence, and as its consequence, paved the way for a smooth transition to democratic system.
The XXII Party Congress, which was held in February 1997, formalized a democratic socialist concept as its ideological platform. The XXVI Congress of the MPRP decided to restore its original name and officially re-registered the Mongolian People’s Party (MPP) name with the country’s Supreme Court. The current leader of the Party and Prime Minister Mr. S. Batbold ran against two contenders through the secret ballot and has won the overwhelming majority of votes.
Since 2003 the Mongolian People’s Party has the status of a full membership in the Socialist International.
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